The Beef Shorthorn has a history tracing back nearly 300 years. The breed has played a dominant role in the development of the beef industry in Australia from the early days of settlement. The origins of the breed can be traced to the Tees River Valley in northern England, where the Teeswater breed evolved from a cross with a Dutch dairy type. Teeswaters were big framed, heavy horned and attained great weight at five to six years. They were highly valued as beef cattle.